UNESCO Welterbe

Housing Estate Schillerpark

Location: Mitte District
Subdistrict: Wedding, Rehberge subway station
Streets: Barfusstraße, Bristolstraße, Corker Straße, Dubliner Straße, Oxforder Straße, Windsorer Straße
Total Area: 4.6 ha [11.37 acres]
Number of Flats: 290
Flat Sizes: 1 ½ to 4 ½ rooms [excluding kitchen and bathroom]
Constructed: 1924 to 1930
Urban Design: Bruno Taut
Architects: Bruno Taut, reconstruction/completion by Max Taut (1951) and
Hans Hoffmann (1953 until 1957)
Landscape Architect: Presumably Bruno Taut, from 1954 Walter Rossow
Building Owner: Berliner Spar- und Bauverein, today's Berliner Bau- und Wohnungsgenossenschaft von 1892 eG (construction 1924-1925 by GEHAG Gemeinnützige Heimstätten-, Spar- und Bau-AG [a not-for-profit building and savings company])
Reconstruction: since 1991, with emphasis on preserving the architecture; since 2010, energetically modernisation
Owner: Berliner Bau- und Wohnungsgenossenschaft von 1892 eG (building cooperative)

The Schillerpark housing estate was the first metropolitan housing project in Berlin during the Weimar Republic. Taut's urban planning reflects modern Dutch architecture, particularly the work of Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud. His choice of materials also reflects the brick buildings of Amsterdam.

Colour as an element of design is predominantly restricted to the interior. Instead, the design of the facades focuses on building materials and a spatial structure visible from the outside - such as a jamb floor without joints on which laundry facilities and drying rooms have been located.

A third flat, which juts out from the row of buildings with three flats per floor, provides for a particularly striking facade relief of the buildings that were constructed first. Buildings erected at a later stage do not have this feature anymore. This reduction of shape, tending towards minimalism, not only reflects the contemporary architectural trend, but is also economically motivated. From 1925 on, buildings with three flats per floor no longer complied with the guidelines for development aid.